Fracking!

First What is oil shale?

This page explains the fracking process (aka frac’ing or Hydraulic fracturing). At the bottom under the videos you will find many links to articles about the problems that are being caused by hydraulic fracturing, and a link to a site where you can get the DVD Gasland.

Hydraulic fracturing is a procedure that can increase the flow of oil or gas from a well. It is done by pumping liquids down a well into subsurface rock units under pressures that are high enough to fracture the rock. The goal is to create a network of interconnected fractures that will serve as pore spaces for the movement of oil and natural gas to the well bore.

Drilling the well

The fracking process

This is the fracking video from my original post.

Proppants

These were mentioned in the second video. Proppants are tiny particles such as ceramic or aluminium beads that are injected into a well to hold artificial fractures open. It is not unusual for a hydraulic fracturing job to require a million pounds of proppants.

You can download a US Department Of Energy PDF file Modern Shale Gas: A Primer. This file is about 5Mb in size. It is not really a 101 being quite in depth and contains 116 pages! You could also explore the article in Wikipedia

In which States is fracking operational?

Shale gas deposits in the USA

Shale gas deposits in the USA. DOE (from the PDF)

Arkansas

Fayetteville Shale: Another gas shale formation producing in northern Arkansas.

Louisana

Haynesville Shale: Similar to the Marcellus shale. This shale has triggered a new natural gas rush in northern Louisiana.

Pennsylvania

Marcellus Shale: One of the big gas fields
The Marcellus Shale Play A detailed look at the Marcellus shales
Marcellus Drilling Permits (PDF) Pennsylvania Marcellus wells as at 01 October 2010

Ohio

The Utica Shale: Located a few thousand feet below the Marcellus, is starting to attract more attention from drillers and landmen. Recent action has been in Ohio and Ontario, Canada where the Utica is only a few thousand feet below the surface and the Marcellus Shale is not present.

Texas

Barnett Shale: Here’s where it all started. The Barnett Shale of Texas was where the hydrofrac and horizontal drilling techniques were first mastered for tight shale reservoirs.

Montana/N. Dakota

Bakken Shale Formation: Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated mean undiscovered volumes of 3.65 billion barrels of oil, 1.85 trillion cubic feet of associated/dissolved natural gas, and 148 million barrels of natural gas liquids in the Bakken Shale Formation of the Williston Basin Province, Montana and North Dakota

Gasland The Movie

This is a film documentary and the story is real and has no actors. The film Erin Brockovich is also a real story but as you are aware is portrayed by actors. This is just to make the distinction between the two. You MUST see this to see what Big Oil is doing to peoples lives all in the name of profit.

AM American Morning

Oscar nominees Mark Ruffalo and Josh Fox have a little more than a week before they find out whether or not they’ll be taking home gold statuettes. In the meantime, however, the two Hollywood giants are staying busy; Ruffalo and Fox are on Capitol Hill speaking out against a method of natural gas drilling called fracking, which they say is dangerous.

Mr. Ruffalo and Mr. Fox Go to Washington, Ask for Moratorium on Fracking

Following a time-honored tradition of democracy, two ordinary citizens head to Washington, D.C. today with a message for the President and Congress. Their message is simple: “Please keep our drinking water safe.”

Links to further information about hydraulic fracturing.